How fabrics are produced.Fabric Production


How are fabrics produced?

Fabrics are produced knitted, braided or as felt type. The most utilized fibers in fabric history are linen, wool, cotton, silk and synthetic polyester. Once you have the row primary materials, fibers are transformed into threads (spinning), wich then are used in weaving machines (loom), for producing fabrics.
After the product is ready, the next thing to do is the dyeing process where mineral, vegetable and synthetic pigments are used.

To obtain the threads, the fibers are twisted in between them. This procedure forms short fiber chains that become a one whole body. The strenght with wich the fibers are twisted, determines the kind of fabric that will be produced. With poor twisting you obtain a hand smooth fabric. If the twisting force is high you will obtain harder textiles that are much wear resistant. Synthetic fibers are twisted the same way, for producing threads.

For weaving, normally you use a loom (weaving machine) and 2 groups of threads. These groups are formed by cones with different color threads.
The name of the groups are warp and weft. Along the loom are arranged parallel strands (warp), wich interlace with crosswise threads. To form this warp and weft structure the warp strands, must be arranged on the loom in a parallel series. This procedure is called loom mounting. The weft strand, must be passed through the parallel warp strands to unite them.

Weaving threads.Interweave example.Weaving frame.
Fabric colors can be obtained in different ways. You can dye the raw fibers before the thread is produced. Also it can be done when the product is already a thread, or when it is a finished fabric.